agroforst 1199

Naturland

Mais PG 350x233The number of people facing hunger is on the rise, and so far, the goals of the international community have not been sufficient in the fight against climate change. These two news from last week evidence the close connection between agriculture, food security and climate change.

"We must tackle them both together: hunger and climate change," insists the president of Naturland, Hubert Heigl, on the World Food Day on October 16th.

70 percent of the world's harvest is produced by small farmers. Nevertheless, three out of four hungry people in the world live in the countryside. "The fight against hunger must start locally with the farmers. They need support in organic farming in order to sustainably increase agricultural production and ensure food sovereignty locally", emphasizes Heigl.

Organic farming helps that purpose in a number of ways: By giving up the use of expensive synthetic fertilizers and synthetic chemical pesticides, small farmers are becoming economically more independent. This, while simultaneously saving a considerable amount of CO2 that would otherwise be released in the production of these fertilizers and pesticides. In addition, it maintains and improves soil fertility, while retaining additional CO2 in the soil. And last but not least, organic farming offers a better adaptation to climate extremes in numerous ways.

Ecological intensification: an opportunity for food security and climate adaptation
This way, healthy soils can store water better and at the same time they are better protected against erosion. In addition, organic farming relies on site-specific cultivation systems with a diversity of local varieties, which are adapted to the climate and the environment and ensure small farmers good yields. In many cases, latest research findings can optimize traditional cultivation methods and local varieties can be bred to adapt crops to climate changes.

Background

The World Hunger Index 2018 published on 11.10.2018 shows that for the first time in ten years the number of hungry people in the world has risen again. Wars and climate change threaten to undermine the progress of recent decades. The index was published jointly by Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe. www.globalhungerindex.org

Two months before the Climate Change Conference in Katowice (Poland), the IPCC warns in a report that the aspired goal of limiting global warming to a maximum of 2 degrees has not been sufficient. In order to control the risks of climate change to some extent, a limitation to 1.5 degrees should be achieved. IPCC press release